Yield Farming – or Why Should Banks Get All the Money?

The promise of DeFi is enormous, but the community is small, because it’s still too complicated to be practical for most people. It’s worth being a little proactive, though, because early adopters stand to benefit significantly in this area. You’ve probably seen the term “yield farming” bouncing around for months now, but you may not quite understand what it means. There are other aspects to DeFi, but for now, all you need to know is there are 5 main ways to earn in the DeFi space:• lending tokens,• providing liquidity to trading pools,• staking coins,• investing in governance tokens, and• arbitrage. Yield farming combines the first three of these to allow you to make profit on your assets. It allows you to act like your own little bank: you have a pool of money that you use to make more money. First, banks lend money: you lend your tokens using a smart contract. Second, banks offer liquidity so other people can buy or sell assets: you offer liquidity so other people can buy or sell tokens. You get paid fees for offering these first two services. Third, banks invest their clients’ funds to earn more money: you can stake your funds and earn additional tokens. So the concept of yield farming has been around for years, but now with the innovations of DeFi, it’s not only banks who can do it. A good example of yield farming is the Compound protocol. In Compound, when you lend or borrow tokens, you are rewarded for using the platform with governance tokens ($COMP). The scarcity of these tokens and ability to vote makes them act like securities, and makes them attractive to speculators.Many people get confused and assume the trading value of the governance token is the only goal of the project. In reality, it’s just a measure of the public sentiment towards the platform and technology provided. The goal of any DeFi project is liquidity rather than price, because liquidity represents the amount of interest in the project. A project with many token holders has a wider voting population and is likely to create a more useful solution for the market.In the example of Compound, yield farming allows you to earn governance tokens when you lend your tokens by putting them into the liquidity pool. You can then trade your governance tokens for currency in order to spend it or invest it elsewhere, as there is a solid markup available for trading COMP. The yields you get are typically much higher than traditional money market yields.

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How We Can Take Back OUR Internet

Abstract: The IOUR Foundation proposes a new internet protocol with blockchain that favours open and decentralized resource management for a diversified and resilient network. IOUR’s vision is an internet that respects fundamental rights and freedoms around the world. Diversity creates unhappiness. Denmark, where the population is pretty homogenous, is one of the happiest places in the world. They don’t have to deal with so many conflicting perspectives, priorities, and expectations as most places, which reduces stress and makes people feel better. It takes effort for most of us to overcome our tendency towards sameness, because we are wired to seek comfort and avoid conflict. So why strive for diversity? Similar people can communicate better, are motivated to work harder, and have less conflict. The answer is that diversity creates resilience, and resilience is more valuable than short-term comfort by several measures. Forbes recently published a piece showing that success is linked to resilience. A pine forest is far more efficient than a mixed tree forest — it produces more pine trees faster and, in the simplest analysis, it seems like the right solution. But when a disease comes along that affects pine trees, or a wildfire starts, the whole forest can fall victim. A mixed forest resists the spreading of disease or fire far more effectively, because what demolishes one kind of tree will have little effect on another one. In the short term, it usually seems better to choose the simplest path towards a goal. In the long term, that strategy is often a mistake. To interact with people different from us, we have to understand new body language, make allowances for other moral codes, and spend longer reaching agreement. But a diverse group of people has a wider range of responses when facing a challenge, just like the mixed forest does. The Internet has been trending away from diversity for decades. We’ve grown accustomed to having our flow of information controlled by a few large tech companies. It’s so easy to let the Googles and Amazons of the world provide our needs through their servers, their search algorithms, and their applications. Almost without realizing it, we’ve allowed the internet to become controlled by and centralized in the hands of a few non-diverse entities. The Internet Society has been doing its best to raise the alarm about this concentration of power. The Center for Humane Technology is raising awareness of the dangers of profit-centered content and the need for digital democracy. A certain amount of consolidation in the Internet provides more services more cheaply to more people. Just like the pine forest, on the surface this seems like great thing. On the other hand, it makes the Internet more vulnerable to catastrophe. Whether that catastrophe is a failure of essential resources or a complete consolidation of them, the result is that we will experience a reversal: less innovation, higher costs for services, and reduced access for those without privilege. The concept of equal access and autonomous trust is a driver for blockchain technology. In practice, this means we don’t need a third party to carry out an online transaction between any two people. One example of this is substituting cryptocurrencies for centralized money to allow peer to peer transfers. But we can take it further than that. If money is the foundation of our global economy, the Internet is fundamental to our ability to access that economy. We may have hardly noticed the Internet’s evolution from a free space to a tool dominated by centralized US tech companies, but we are starting to realize how much we’re paying for it. Applying blockchain could create an Internet that is diversified, peer-to-peer, open, resilient, secure, and trustable. Making this vision a reality will run up against the powerful tech companies who have no interest in losing their hold on how we access the global economy. But a neutral foundation proposing a new set of internet protocol standards could do it. Not having a business interest in the outcome makes it possible for the foundation to grow and find support around the world. Governments support it to take their power back from US big tech, like-minded societies see it as a way to achieve their humanitarian goals, and people embrace it to protect their privacy and freedom. This is the vision that led us to found IOUR, the Internet of Universal Resources — or “YOUR Internet”, because it defines the standards that will allow citizens of the decentralized world to take ownership and control of their Internet. IOUR is a standard that extends the existing protocol definition to remain compatible with today’s Internet. The new standard simply opens the door for forward-thinking visionaries to begin building the decentralized Internet of the future. The more we build, the more resilient our Internet becomes. We may have gotten comfortable giving away our data and privacy to large entities in exchange for access to the global economy, but humanity’s strength is our ability to see when comfort needs to be relinquished to achieve freedom and fairness. Our current Internet is not free, and it is not fair. IOUR has the potential to make the Internet a true common for humanity. This will change lives for the better around the world. And that’s a vision worth giving up a little comfort for.

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Six Tips for Building Your Business

When I joined BitMEX, I had been at PayPal and Apple for more time than anywhere else. I jumped out of a big tech structured environment into what felt like the Wild West. At that time, the BitMEX team was small and the culture was a “trading culture” — which basically meant every man for himself. I really do mean man there — I was one of two females at the company and the only one in a senior position.That was a wild ride. We built as fast as possible to capture the market, while also setting up processes and infrastructure to make sure we could scale. Our daily trading volume started at $100k, and by January 2018 it was up to $6 billion per day. It was not an easy time, but it was worth it for the difficult lessons I learned. Those lessons have been invaluable to me, and I’d like to share a few of them with you here. 1. Bring women into your leadership. When an organization creates gender balance, they see almost instant improvements. These include fewer crisis alerts, better decision making, and enhanced team alignment. Over time, they see improved company culture and employee buy-in due to an increased sense of fairness. An MIT study in 2014, covering 8 years of data, concluded that companies with an even gender split could increase revenue by roughly 41 percent. These numbers show us how cost-effective diversifying your team is, and how companies who stick to old traditions are likely hurting their own bottom line. 2. Hire experience. When it comes to learning how to hire, you have two options. One is to spend a year working for an established, successful company, and to be a sponge there. Ask questions about everything, and assess what works and what doesn’t. The issue here is that many of us simply don’t have the time to do this. Timing is everything, and we don’t want to lose a year of building.If you feel a sense of urgency to get your tech out into the market so that you can iterate on it and make it the best it can be, then you need to hire someone who already knows how to do that. Hiring passionate, inexperienced people is always an option, but they still need to learn, and that takes time. 3. Accept the reality that you are not your own customer. If I could have you take one thing away from this post, it would be this. You may be an early adopter in crypto, and you’re wanting to build something that you need and that’s why you’re here in the first place. That’s a great place to start, but if you stop there, you are going to fail. Ask your customers what they want, not yourself. It’s not about building what you think would be revolutionary, it’s about building what people need.A great analogy that comes to mind is this: Do people really need a quarter-inch drill? The answer is, no. People need a quarter-inch hole, and a drill is a good solution, but if you jump right to it, you may miss the opportunity to build something even better. 4. Create practical solutions and think small. When electricity was invented, it was a technology without an application. No lights, no fridges, no stoves, or hair dryers. All of those applications of that technology still needed to be conceived and built. We have this amazing blockchain technology, but we don’t have a lot of real-world applications for it yet.Those get built by the entrepreneurs — the people who are interested in making money, not inventing a breakthrough innovation. I’m sure you’ve often heard of a new project that people say will change everything. Let’s stop trying to change everything, and start trying to solve one problem at a time. 5. If you have to make a change, don’t wait too long. I’ve been in an organization where a founder had a college buddy in a position well beyond his background and skills. He wreaked havoc on the company. As the founder, you have to recognize that your company is more important than giving your friend a job.Most of us spend a lot of our waking hours in a work environment, and those environments are constantly changing. Change that is imposed on us is difficult, and naturally, we resist it. Yet there are things that leaders do that make change even harder, like waiting too long to act.Change doesn’t have to be negative. I’m sure you’ve seen how energized entrepreneurs starting new projects can be. In these cases, transformation creates positive emotions of optimism and anticipation.When we talk about transforming our work environment, there’s a very different emotional tone that comes up. It feels more like discomfort, concern, or maybe even fear. The uncertainty riles us and lacks the excitement and clarity of a new endeavor.So think carefully about the changes you need to make, but don’t put them off. Be brave and bold. Remember that you are building the future. 6. Leverage your sense of purpose. Most companies would kill to have what we have in the crypto space. Our industry has a powerful sense of meaning within it, while organizations in other industries struggle to inspire their teams with a sense of purpose. It’s hard to create purpose around a financial objective, and while big corporations may have motivated leadership, most employees are just collecting a paycheck.Everyone in crypto is an early adopter. Everyone is a part of this because they are willing to take a risk and join an industry that hasn’t been proven. Purpose is the most important factor in creating a good company culture, and we in crypto have an abundance of it. Looking to the Future. So here’s what we can expect to happen next. We’re going to see wider acceptance, and that means more mainstream players in the space. It’s critical that we’re the ones to build the companies of the

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Is Crypto Winter the End of Crypto Greed?

With the value of most coins tumbling steeply over the past weeks, there has been a sharp downturn in the optimism surrounding the industry. This may not be a bad thing – we’ve also been seeing a shift from avarice to altruism.

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Cryptocruises Need to Grow Up

In May, around the Consensus event in New York City, a cruise left Pier 81 with dozens of young women in tight-fitting dresses. No one is writing much about the practice, but the presence of such women on cryptocruises is a hot topic for the guys at networking events after conferences. They talk about “pros” on board, and joke about swimming after the ships if necessary. As an advocate for freedom of choice, I have nothing but admiration for the women who benefit from these opportunities, but as an advocate for women in blockchain, I see this cruise programming as specifically tailored to exclude us. This cruise was also characterized by some arrogant attitudes on the part of the guests. A Canadian CEO on board told the New York Post, “Yeah, I’m cool — I’m cool with making myself super-dope rich and having awesome things and getting to enjoy visages that no one else does.”  Sexism is not the only issue. On a Blockchain cruise in the Mediterranean in September, Jimmy Song got into a notorious shouting match with Roger Ver during a supposed debate about the merits of Bitcoin versus Bitcoin Cash. This kind of posturing and chest-beating doesn’t help our industry’s image, and is the main reason women will make blockchain better.  The worst in terms of public image, though, is what happened this week at a conference in Dubai, where a group called “Satoshi United” organized a cruise on which there was an overboard fatality. The organizers clearly had no idea how to deal with the situation, and the conference quickly came apart. Their public response lacks both sincerity and social awareness. Bringing in more experience and maturity will nurture a sense of responsibility. Irresponsibility also affected investors themselves. In January, Bitcoin fell from $13,500 to $10,000 during the big annual Blockchain Cruise, prompting comparisons to the January 2007 securitization conference that presaged the mortgage meltdown. The hapless nouveau riche lost millions while they partied on, apparently confident that the price would rebound quickly. “Buy the dip” was a misguided mantra, unless by “dip” they meant all of 2018. The blockchain industry is immature, and many of the people who have achieved early success lack experience and professional background. That’s an explanation, but not an excuse. It’s time for us to step up our game, and show the world that this is a serious industry with reasonable aspirations, rational solutions, and the ability to maintain professional standards.

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